Q1:- By lifting up the bonnet, identify where you can check the engine coolant level and explain how you can check that the engine has the correct coolant level?
ANS:- Locate the coolant tank and check the minimum/maximum markings. If you discover that the coolant level is below the minimum mark, more cool-ant will need to be added. This is done by unscrewing the cap and pouring in coolant until the maximum mark is reached.
Q2:- By lifting up the bonnet, identify where the brake fluid reservoir is and explain how you would check that there is a safe level of hydraulic brake fluid?
ANS:- Locate the brake fluid reservoir and check the fluid level against the mini-mum/maximum levels.
Q3:- Explain how to check that the power assisted steering is working safely before starting a journey?
ANS:- If the steering becomes heavy, it could be faulty. Therefore, before starting a journey, two simple checks can be made. 1) By applying gentle pressure on the steering wheel, which should be maintained whilst the engine starts, you should be able to notice slight movement as the system begins to operate. 2) By turning the steering wheel just after moving off, you should get an immediate indication whether the power assisted steering is functioning correctly or not.
Q4:- By lifting up the bonnet, identify where you can check the engine oil level and explain how you can check that the engine has enough oil?
ANS:- Locate the dipstick and pull it out. Check the oil level against the mini-mum/maximum markings.
Q5:- By lifting up the bonnet, identify where the Windscreen Washer reservoir is and explain how you can check the level?
ANS:- Locate the Windscreen Washer reservoir and lift off the cap. Make a visual check of the level as there are no external markings on the reservoir.
Q6:- Demonstrate how to check that the horn is working? (off road only)
ANS:- Press the horn and listen for it (turn on the ignition if necessary).
Q7:- Demonstrate how to check that the brake lights are working on the car? (if you need to switch on the ignition, assistance can be sought. Please do not start the engine).
ANS:- Operate the brake pedal and look for reflections of the brake lights in win-dows, garage doors, etc. You can also ask someone to help. (the ignition may need to be switched on. Do not start the engine)
Q8:- Explain how to check that the brakes are working properly before starting a journey?
ANS:- As you move off, check the brakes. They should not feel spongy and the car should not pull to one side.
Q9:- Explain how to check that the headlights and tail lights are working properly?
ANS:- Turn on the lights (switch on ignition if necessary), and walk around the car to check that both sets of lights are on and working.
Q10:- Demonstrate how to check that the direction indicators are working properly?
ANS:- Activate the indicators or hazard warning lights. Walk around the car to make sure that all of the indicators are working correctly.
Q11:- Explain where information for the recommended tyre pres-sures for the car can be found and how the tyre pressures should be checked?
ANS:- Information can be found in the car manufacturer’s manual. Tyre pressure can be checked by using a reliable pressure gauge when the tyres are cold. Remember to check the spare tyre too and to refit the valve caps.
Q12:- Demonstrate how to check the parking brake for excessive wear?
ANS:- Apply the parking brake and when it is fully applied, it should secure itself.
Q13:- Explain how to make sure your head restraint is correctly adjusted so it is providing the best protection in the event of a crash?
ANS:- The head restraint can be adjusted so that the rigid part of the head re-straint is at least as high as the eye or top of the ears. It should also be close to the back of the head in a comfortable position. N.B. Some restraints might not be adjustable.
Q14:- Explain how to check the tyres for sufficient tread depth and that their general condition is safe for use on the roads?
ANS:- A safe tyre should have no cuts or bulges. The tread depth should be at least 1.6mm across the central 3/4s of the breadth of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference of the tyre.
Q15:- Demonstrate how to clean the windscreen using the windscreen washer and wipers?
ANS:- Activate the control to wash and wipe the windscreen (turn on the ignition if necessary)
Q16:- Demonstrate how to set the demister controls to clear all the windows properly, both front and rear screens?
ANS:- Set all the relevant controls including the fan, temperature, air direction/source and heated screen to clear the windscreen and windows. The engine does not have to be started for this demonstration.
Q17:- Explain how you would know if there was a problem with your anti-lock braking system?
ANS:- The warning light should illuminate if there is a fault with the anti-lock braking system.
Q18:- Demonstrate how to switch the headlight from dipped to main beam, explaining how you would know that the main beam is on whilst inside the car?
ANS:- Operate the switch and check with main beam warning light. (with the ignition or engine switched on if necessary)
Q19:- Demonstrate how to switch on the rear fog light(s) and explain when you should use them?
ANS:- Operate the switch and check that the warning light is on. Explain use. (turn on dipped headlights and ignition if necessary).